Monkeypox virus is a zoonotic disease, and it is mainly spread by animals. Humans are infected by bites or close contact with animals that carry the virus and are spread through blood, body fluids, and pollutants.
Human-to-human transmission can be caused by close contact with respiratory secretions, skin lesions, or recently contaminated objects of an infected person. Transmission through respiratory droplets typically requires prolonged face-to-face contact, putting health workers, family members, and other close contacts of active cases at greater risk. This may reflect decreased immunity in all communities due to the cessation of smallpox vaccination.
Monkeypox virus can also be transmitted from mother to fetus through the placenta (which can cause congenital monkeypox) or through close contact during and after birth. Monkeypox is not a sexually transmitted disease, but close physical contact is a well-known risk factor for transmission, which include sexual contact.
Current research suggests that the population is generally susceptible, but as mentioned above, the monkeypox virus and smallpox virus belong to the same viral family, so the smallpox vaccine is also effective against this virus. But since the global eradication of the smallpox virus in the 1980s, vaccination has stopped.
Spread by direct contact with a contagious rash, scab, or bodily fluids;
Prolonged face-to-face contact or close physical contact (such as kissing, hugging, or sexual intercourse); respiratory secretions;
Contact with items (such as clothing or bed sheets) that have a contagious rash or bodily fluids;
Pregnant women transmit the virus to the fetus through the placenta.
A person is scratched or bitten by an animal;
Preparing or eating meat;
Use products from infected animals.
DaAn Gene's monkeypox test kit is based on WHO's recommended diagnosis method: real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), with high specificity and sensitivity.
Reliable: Based on WHO recommended diagnosis method: real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
High Specificity: Highly conservative region of Monkeypox virus gene coding region
High Accuracy: Involved endogenous internal to monitor the whole NAAT procedure from sampling to PCR result
Universal: Compatible with a mainstream real-time fluorescent PCR system